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Bestselling Lavender Products

 

Timoo Dried Lavender Bundles 100% Natural Dried Lavender Flowers for Home Decoration, Photo Props, Home Fragrance, 2 Bundles Pack

  • ✿ 100% NATURAL: Pure natural planting of lavender, hand-picked by farmers, naturally dried, retaining the original beauty of the flowers.
  • ✿ ORIGINAL AROMA: No additives, retaining the original floral fragrance of lavender, smells very comfortable, can calm the mood.
  • ✿ LAVENDER VALUE: Sedative and hypnotic effects, balance oil secretion, can shrink the whole body skin, keep your skin fragrant, supply nutrition and relieve stress.
  • ✿ BEAUTIFUL DECOR: Great for home decoration, shop decoration, gift box decoration, as well as photo props. You can also make sachets with these lavender flowers.
  • ✿ 2 BUNDLES PACK: There are 2 bundles, each bundle has 90-100 stems, a total of 180-200 stems, length 14-17 inches.
 

Handcraft Lavender Essential Oil - 100% Pure & Natural – Premium Therapeutic Grade with Premium Glass Dropper - Huge 4 fl. oz

  • 100% PURE & NATURAL LAVENDER OIL- Handcraft Blends oils are exactly that!! Many oils being sold online make that claim but are in fact made of natural isolates and mixtures. Each essential oil is tested by an independent lab for its constituents which is why every bottle comes with a Quality Guaranty.
  • PREMIUM THERAPEUTIC GRADE & PREMIUM QUALITY – All Handcraft Blends Essential Oils are tested by an independent lab to test the efficacy of each oil. Each oil is tested for its constituents as well as to have no fillers, additives and to be undiluted.
  • HIGH QUALITY GLASS BOTTLE W/ PREMIUM GLASS DROPPER - Our Lavender Essential Oil comes in an amber glass bottle to keep out UV rays and protect the oil against sunlight. We also provide a Glass Dropper so you can get the exact amount of oil you need without any waste.
  • LAVENDER OIL BLENDS WELL WITH - Bergamot, Cedarwood, Clove, Clary Sage, Geranium, Helichrysum, Lemon, Neroli, Patchouli, Rose, Rosemary, Sandalwood and Vetiver.
  • BOTTLED IN THE USA – Handcraft Blends sources their oils from regions all over the world. Each oil, when brought to the USA goes through vigorous testing to prove its authenticity.
 

June Fox Fragrant Lavender Buds Dried Lavender Sachets Drawers Freshener Home Fragrance, 1/2 Pound & 20 Sachet Bags

  • 100% NATURAL LAVENDER: These are natural lavender that the flower farmers carefully planted, hand-picked, and naturally dried. There are no additives. It has a natural lavender scent and is very pleasant.
  • COMPLETE SET: A pack of lavender granules(1/2 pound), 1 stainless steel spoon, 20 purple empty bags. A large number of lavender buds to meet your various needs. There are plenty of bags for you to make lavender sachets.
  • MULTIPURPOSE: Effective in fresh air of wardrobes, shoe cabinets, and drawers. As a wedding, shop, home gifts. Used to make soap, essential oils, and candles. It has a good moisturizing effect on the skin and calm effect.
  • A METHOD OF RELEASING A STRONGER SCENT: The lavender bud contains a rich floral fragrance, slowly releasing the scent, and lasting aroma. If you prefer a more intense scent, crush the lavender buds and let the scent completely release.
  • MOTHS PREVENTION: Suitable for hanging in wardrobes, driving bugs and moths, and giving your clothes a scent of lavender.
 
DriedDecor.com French Lavender Dried Lavender Buds - 1 Pound - Dry Flowers
3,119 Reviews

DriedDecor.com French Lavender Dried Lavender Buds - 1 Pound - Dry Flowers

  • 1 pound very, very fragmant and quality French Lavender extra blue purple color
  • Excellent for wedding toss- baptism & birth gift
  • Lavender is naturally calming, soothing and relaxing
  • Many uses for sachets, potpourri, pest deterrent, relaxer if placed under your pillow.
  • Made in france
 

NaturoBliss Lavender Essential Oil, 100% Pure Therapeutic Grade, Premium Quality Lavender Oil, 4 fl. Oz - Perfect for Aromatherapy and Relaxation

  • PREMIUM QUALITY AROMATHERAPY ESSENTIAL OIL: 100% Pure and Natural Lavender Oil; Steam Distilled; Great for Aromatherapy and Relaxation. Sweet therapeutic fragrance that freshens your mind and soothes your soul. Improves mood, cures sinusitis, sore muscles, Acne, fatigue, Eczema and Insomnia.
  • HIGH QUALITY GLASS BOTTLE PLUS FREE GLASS DROPPER: The Oil is shipped in high quality glass infused with a UV colored coating to protect essential oils against sunlight and degradation. It also comes with a free premium quality glass dropper for ease-of-use for just a few drops of oil at a time.
  • NATURAL ESSENCE - AMAZING BENFITS OF LAVENDER OIL: Lavender Oil has a relaxing aroma. Also, it reduces stress & depression, eases headaches and insomnia, and is most effective for skin care.
  • SAFETY WARNING: Not for internal use. Avoid contact with eyes, keep out of the reach of children. If pregnant or have sensitive skin, consult your Doctor. For topical application, carefully dilute with a carrier oil.
  • LIFETIME WARRANTY: If you are ever unsatisfied for any reason we will replace your product or refund your money.
 

Lavender Essential Oil - 100% Pure Therapeutic Grade Lavender Oil - 10ml

  • Highest Quality Pure & Natural Lavender Essential Oil - Our Lavender Oil is 100% pure, undiluted, all-natural, and therapeutic grade. Every drop of this Lavender essential oil is steam-extracted right from the source without any additives or harmful chemicals.
  • Gc-ms Tested for Purity & Dilution - Every batch of our lavender essential oil is tested using a a type of testing called "gcms". This ensures the essential oil's authenticity and purity. These test results are publicly available on the manufacturers website.
  • Bottled in a 10ml Glass Bottle with Built-In Eyedropper - All of our essential oils are bottled in an amber glass bottle right here in the USA. It also has a built in Euro style eyedropper for easy pouring and application.
  • Essential Oils are Used for a Variety of Uses & Applications - Simply add a few drops to your essential oil diffuser or humidifier for a wonderful aromatherapy experience. Essential oils are also commonly used to help with anxiety, acne, dry skin, relaxation, and more! Before applying to your skin we highly recommend you dilute it with our Fractionated Coconut Oil, Jojoba Oil, or Sweet Almond Oil
  • Healing Solutions Only Offers the Highest Quality Essential Oils Available - Healing Solutions is an American based company that scours the globe to find the finest, freshest essential oils available. If at any point you're unhappy with one of our products, please contact us and we'd be happy to make things right!
 

Nature's Way CalmAid, Non-Drowsy, Clinically Studied Lavender Supplement Helps Reduce Tension/Stress, 30 Softgels

  • Clinically studied lavender helps reduce tension and stress.*
  • Contains Silexan, the orally administered lavender oil used in clinical studies.
  • Once daily softgel is easy to swallow and safe for daily use.
  • Non-drowsy formula.
  • Gluten-free. No salt, yeast-derived ingredients, wheat, corn, dairy, or artificial flavors.
 

Majestic Pure Lavender Oil, Natural, Therapeutic Grade, Premium Quality Blend of Lavender Essential Oil, 4 fl. Oz

  • Majestic Pure Lavender Oil; blend of two (2) pure lavender oil; Lavandula angustifolia from Bulgaria and Lavandula hybrida from France; steam distilled; Therapeutic grade; Packaged in USA
  • Aroma: Best sampled on a test strip or tissue to allow the aroma to breathe, evolve and open up; top note with a strong aroma, it has a rich floral scent that is somewhat fruitier, mellower and less camphoraceous; Lavender oil is known to be helpful in soothing the mind and body when used in aromatherapy
  • Safety Warning: For external use only. Other than aromatherapy, dilute with a carrier oil. For topical use, rub a very small amount on the inside of your elbow area to test for any allergic reaction before use, discontinue if irritation occurs; Avoid contact with eyes, keep out of the reach of children. If pregnant, consult with your health care provider before use
  • Majestic Pure lavender essential oil offers fresh fragrance that blends well with almost any other essence; the aroma becomes more flowery when it evolves
  • Delivered with a premium quality glass dropper for ease-of-use
 

June Fox Dried Lavender Flowers 270-300 Stems 100% Natural Dried Lavender Bunches for Home Decoration, Home Fragrance, Handmade Soap Flower

  • PURE NATURAL: Pure natural lavender, naturally dried, retains the original lavender fragrance, without any chemical treatment, without any additives.
  • LAVENDER VALUE: Sedative and hypnotic effects, balance oil secretion, can shrink the whole body skin, keep your skin fragrant, supply nutrition and relieve stress.
  • WIDE APPLICATION: Great for home decoration, shop decoration, gift box decoration, and making lavender candles, essential oils, soaps, pillows. The bundle has 270-300 stems. Length: 14-17 inches.
  • NOTES: Each flower bud of lavender contains a strong fragrance. If the lavender is not dry enough, the fragrance is difficult to release and can continue to dry naturally.
  • FARM SUPPLY: Pure natural planting of lavender. From planting, cultivating, harvesting and drying, it is done by the hard-working farmers.
 

Lavender Flowers | 4 oz Reseable Bag,Bulk | Dried Culinary Lavender Buds, Herbal Tea | Relaxing,Sleep Well | Aromatherapy, Crafts Potpourri,Home Fragrance by Eat Well Premium Foods

  • WHAT IS LAVENDER: Nearly forty plants with the mint family are technically classified as lavender, although the most common form is "Lavandula angustifolia" this genus is found especially in the Mediterranean
  • HEALTH BENIFITS OF EDIBLE LAVENDER FLOWERS: Reduces Anxiety & Stress / Treats Sleep Issues / Anti-inflammatory Qualities / Skin Care / Antiseptic Ability / Hair Care / Protects Heart Health
  • TOP USES OF DRIED LAVENDER FLOWERS : Making Lavender Sachet Bags / Sleep Aid / Drawer Freshener / Moth Repellent in Wardrobes / Insect Deterrent ( Moth Repellent ) / Wedding Favour / Decoration / Potpourri Ingredient / In Food ( Culinary Lavender Flower Patals ) / For Cooking
  • Lavender Tea : When you drink lavender tea, it can provide relief from chronic pain, inflamed tissues, arthritis, insomnia, high anxiety, mood swings, gastrointestinal upset, tension, skin irritation, and headaches, just to name a few. Regardless of what ails you, the benefits of lavender tea will likely be able to help
 

Cliganic USDA Organic Lavender Essential Oil - 100% Pure Natural Undiluted, for Aromatherapy Diffuser | Non-GMO Verified

  • USDA Certified Organic Lavender Oil - the strict oversight of USDA ensures the integrity of our Essential Oils. In other words, it is really 100% organic.
  • 100% Pure, Only One Ingredient - Our Premium Essential Oils are 100% Pure & Natural – No Additives, Alcohol-Free, No Added-Fragrance and Not Diluted.
  • Cliganic 100% Satisfaction Guarantee - Risk Free - We put a lot of effort into manufacturing quality products that will meet our customers' expectations. And we stand behind every item that we make, 100%. If you are not satisfied completely with your purchase, we will be happy to replace it or issue you a full refund.
  • Multipurpose Essential Oil – Cliganic essential oils are suitable for aromatherapy diffuser and have many other great uses and benefits.
  • Cruelty Free, Made in USA – Cliganic Organic Essential Oils are made in the USA using the highest standards. They are not tested on animals now with the Cruelty-Free certification.
 

TooGet Fragrant Lavender Buds Organic Dried Flowers Wholesale, Ultra Blue Grade - 1 Pound

  • Package includes 1 pound of lavender buds. very clean, beautiful color and fresh fragrance.
  • Filled with 100% natural dried Ultra Blue Grade lavender buds. No harmful chemicals.
  • Ultra Blue grade placed under the pillow is too extravagant,Many uses for sachets, potpourri, pest deterrent etc.
  • Relax body and mind by adding a dose of lavender into your day. Fill the air with an aromatic potpourri or gift craft sachets to your friends and family.
  • We aim to offer the highest quality authentic dried lavender flower buds, both in fresh fragrance and beautiful color. WA - LOOK FOR THE TooGet LOGO ON ALL OUR PRODUCT'S PACKAGE !
 

16oz - Bulk Size Lavender Essential Oil (16 Ounce Bottle) Therapeutic Grade Essential Oil - 16 Fl Oz

  • HUGE 16OZ BOTTLE - Our Lavender Oil is Bottled in Beautiful Clear Bottle with a Dispenser Cap.
  • SAVE 50% OR MORE - Compared to Other 4oz Sized Brands Our Lavender Oil is Half the Retail Cost. Buy In Bulk and Save!
  • AMAZING LAVENDER AROMA - Our Lavender Oil has a Clean, Beautiful, Relaxing Scent that we Know You'll Love!
  • PERFECT FOR AROMATHERAPY & OTHER HOMEMADE PRODUCTS - Simply Add To Any Diffuser for that Relaxing Lavender Scent. It's also great for Making Homemade Soap, Shampoos, Candles, and So Much more!
  • NATURE'S STAR GUARANTEE - We understand everyone's Flavors and Tastes are a bit different so if for any reason you're unsatisfied with any of our Essential Oils, Simply Contact the Manufacturer and get a Full Refund. NO QUESTIONS ASKED!
 

Air Wick Plug in Scented Oil Refills, Lavender and Chamomile, Eco Friendly, Essential Oils, Air Freshener, 0.67 Fl Oz, Pack of 10

  • FRAGRANCE: A characterful fragrance of aromatic lavender essence rounded off with gentle chamomile and precious woods
  • VALUE: Mega pack provides up to 600 days of continuous and long-lasting fragrance based on low setting
  • ESSENTIAL OILS: Contains natural essential oils for a better fragrance experience
  • PACKAGING has 50% less plastic then our current blister pack and it's easier to open. Box and glass bottles can be recycled. This product is manufactured in a plant that is zero manufacturing waste to landfill
  • CARDBOARD BOX: This product comes in a cardboard box which allows easy storage
 

OGX Calming & Reviving + Lavender Essential Oil Body Wash, 19.5 Ounces (022796924315)

  • LAVENDER BODY WASH: Relax & renew with this ultra-hydrating body wash enriched with lavender oil & chamomile extract helps restore moisture to your skin all while releasing a serene scent of lavender.
  • CALMING & REVIVING: Take a moment of self care to satiate your senses & your skin with the OGX Calming & Reviving + Lavender Essential Oil body collection, including the Body Wash & Wet Skin Lotion.
  • BEAUTY PURE & SIMPLE: OGX body care products are inspired by nature & we approach beauty in our own way. We want to make skin feel softer, smoother, & healthier so you can love your body even more!
  • FIND YOUR PERFECT OGX BODY: Whether you need quenching lotion or cream for dry skin, an invigorating body wash or hydrating body oil mists, OGX body care products are designed to bring out your best!
  • REAL QUALITY, REAL BEAUTY: Unattainable looks don't inspire us but originality does. OGX hair & skin care product collections are here to help you look your best! We’re beauty, pure & simple.
 

Dr Teal’s Foaming Bath with Pure Epsom Salt, Soothe & Sleep with Lavender, 34 Ounces

  • SOOTHE SORE MUSCLES & TIRED FEET: Dr Teal’s Foaming Bath transforms an ordinary bath in a relaxing spa by combining Pure Epsom Salt (Magnesium Sulfate USP) and luxurious essential oils to soothe the senses, revitalize tired, achy muscles and help provide relief from stress.
  • ESSENTIAL OIL BENEFITS: The Lavender in our Soothe & Sleep Foaming Bath has soothing properties that have long been known to help relax mind and body and promote a better night’s sleep.
  • EASY TO USE: Pour a generous amount of Dr Teal's Foaming Bath under warm, running water for a relaxing bubble bath experience. Making Dr Teal's a regular part of your routine can help keep you feeling rejuvenated and your skin hydrated and healthy.
  • LONG LASTING BUBBLES: Dr Teal’s Foaming Bath creates long lasting soap bubbles that gently cleanse and nourish skin for a spa-like experience whenever you step in the bath.
  • SUBSCRIBE & SAVE: Dr Teal’s Epsom Salt Foaming Bath is already a great value, but use Amazon’s “Subscribe and Save” feature to save even more on your favorite fragrances, all made in the USA.
 

doTERRA - Lavender Touch Essential Oil - 10 mL Roll On

  • Soothes occasional skin irritations
  • Provides a calming, relaxing effect
  • Calming to skin that’s been exposed to the sun or heat
  • Rub on the bottoms of feet of a restless child before bedtime
  • Aromatic Description: Powdery, floral, light
 

French Lavender Sachets for Drawers and Closets Fresh Scents, Home Fragrance Sachet, Pack of 24, Purple

  • SACHETS WITH 100% NATURAL LAVENDER: Unlike many other chemicals added lavender fragrance packets, which can easily gives headache, our lavender flower sachets are all 100% naturally dried real lavender flower buds, hand-filled craft cute lavender sachets, most delightful and aromatic fragrance of lavender.
  • RELEASE STRONG LAVENDER SCENT: With naturally dried lavender flower buds, the scent and fragrance of lavender can get weak (oil evaporated) easily after a while, but the scent of lavender still exists in the flower buds. The right and best way to refresh fragrance of lavender is to dab or even try to crush the flower buds a little with just your hands and fingers. It would instantly release the most aromatic fragrance of lavender in the air. And this can last for months at least!
  • IDEAL FOR DRAWERS AND CLOSETS: Best uses for closets, drawers, gym bags, cars, linen closets, suitcase, pillows, and storage bins or hanging in wardrobes. Dried French lavender buds have a delightful scent. Lavender is a great relaxant as well. It has been used for insomnia, anxiety, depression and to lift your mood.
  • PERFECT LAVENDER GIFT: Perfect gift for friends and family on special occasions, lavender wedding toss, house warming gift, valentine's day, Christmas gift for mom, Easter gift, Mother's day gift, birthday gift, wedding gift/favors, bridal baby shower or just a nice gift for the loved ones, let the aromatic potpourri/sachets fly to your loved ones!
  • WHAT’S INCLUDED?: 24 purple lavender flower sachets - handmade pre-filled sachets, packaged in a durable and easily resealable craft bag. Shake the bag or squeeze the sachets a little before use - release the lavender fragrance. We provide great customer services to answer questions and resolve any issues quickly with full satisfaction guaranteed. Or we can refund your money/send replacement if you are not satisfied for any reason.
 

Monin - Lavender Syrup, Aromatic and Floral, Natural Flavors, Great for Cocktails, Lemonades and Sodas, Vegan, Non-GMO, Gluten-Free (750 Milliliters)

  • GREAT FOR COCKTAILS, LEMONADES AND SODAS: Our Lavender Syrup adds semi-sweet, herbal floral flavor and beautiful, light purple color to cocktails, lemonades, sodas and more.
  • TASTING NOTES: Aromatic and floral, lavender is embraced for its calming, soothing properties. Natural aroma of lavender flower, very aromatic. Semi-sweet herbal and floral flavor.
  • SPECIFICATIONS: Allergen Free, Dairy Free, Gluten Free, Halal, Kosher, No Artificial Colors, No Artificial Flavors, No Artificial Ingredients, No Artificial Preservatives, No Artificial Sweeteners, Non-GMO, Vegan, & Clean Label
  • SYRUP TO SUPPORT BEE COLONIES: Colony Collapse Disorder is greatly reducing bee populations worldwide. Our syrup recycling initiative has been sending waste syrup to feed bees since 2008, and has fed over 374 billion bees!
  • GREEN PACKAGING & LABELING: With BPA free bottles, 100% recyclable boxes comprised of 30% recycled content, printed with biodegradable water-based ink containing zero pollutants, and pulp inserts, we’re doing our part for the environment.
 

Aveeno Stress Relief Moisturizing Body Lotion with Lavender, Natural Oatmeal and Chamomile & Ylang-Ylang Essential Oils to Calm & Relax, 33 fl. oz

  • 33-fluid ounce of Aveeno Stress Relief Moisturizing Lotion to help you relax while providing skin with 24 hours of intense moisture, leaving it feeling soft and smooth
  • Its unique formula includes natural oatmeal, an ingredient known for its skin-soothing properties, and features the calming scent of lavender to help relieve stress as you massage lotion into skin
  • This moisturizing body lotion is made with calming chamomile and relaxing ylang-ylang essential oils to help you unwind after a long, arduous day
  • A dermatologist-recommended brand for over 65 years, Aveeno uses the goodness of nature and the power of science to keep your skin healthy and balanced
  • To help relieve stress, use this calming lavender body lotion after bathing, before bed or anytime you want to relax

 

Lavender (Lavandula) is a genus of plants in the family Lamiaceae.

They are dicotyledonous shrubs, with flowers mostly purple or violet arranged in ears, most of which are very fragrant species, are widely used in all branches of perfumery, especially Lavandin (Lavandula ×intermedia). They grow mainly on dry, sunny limestone soils, with the exception of Lavandula stoechas, which prefers siliceous soils.

All lavenders are melliferous plants, i.e. highly sought-after by bees.

History

Coming from the west of the Mediterranean basin, lavender was already used by the Romans to preserve linen and perfume baths. In Provence, lavender was used in the Middle Ages for the composition of perfumes and medicines, but it was from the 19th century onwards that its cultivation developed.

This botanical genus was first described in 1753 by the Swedish naturalist Carl von Linné (1707-1778).

The boom in French production of essential oil of fine lavender is linked to the establishment of perfume factories in the Grasse region. The systematic organized cultivation of lavandin in the 1950s then took over.

The cultivation of Quercy lavender also appeared on the last south-western slopes of the Massif Central before 1936 in Roquecor in Tarn-et-Garonne. It reached its peak in the 1950s and 1960s, and only a few growers still perpetuate this tradition.

After several crises which led to a drop in production and a decline in crops, the plantations were relaunched by stabilising the areas to be cultivated and developing means of distillation.

Nowadays, the biggest lavender festival in France has been celebrated for almost 70 years on the occasion of the "Corso de la Lavande" in Digne-les-Bains and ends with a parade of floats decorated with lavender.

The Stolbur phytoplasma destroyed 50% of the French lavender essential oil harvest between 2005 and 2010, reducing it to around 30 tons in 2011. Bulgaria with a production of 45 tons in 2010 and between 55 and 60 tons in 2011 has become the world's leading producer of lavender ahead of France. The two countries supply three quarters of the international production and between 80% and 90% of Bulgarian lavender essential oil is sold in France. In 2017, Bulgaria is still in first position with 187 tons, while France produced 120 tons.

There is a lavender museum in the southern Ardèche, in the village of Saint-Remèze, and another in Coustellet in the Luberon.

Geographical distribution

In the past, lavender used to grow in Provence and in some countries of the Mediterranean basin, then the culture spread to Eastern Europe (Bulgaria, Russia, Ukraine...) and even to Tasmania or Canada where mutated plants can now resist to frost.

True" lavenders grow at an altitude of 500 to 1,700 m. on sunny mountain slopes. The quality of lavender is said to increase with altitude. It is produced in particular in Sault, and is the main agricultural activity in this area of the Vaucluse. It can be found in the Drôme Provençale where it is very well represented and also in the Diois in villages such as Chamaloc (the northernmost lavender production) where the distillery of the 4 valleys is located. Lavender is also produced in the south of the Hautes Alpes department in the Buëch in villages like Faurie which also has a distillery and in other villages like Ribiers and Orpierre. Lavender cultivation practices in the Alpes-de-Haute-Provence were included in the inventory of intangible cultural heritage in France in 2018.

Experiments were also carried out in Quercy in 1936, where the cultivation of lavender was established and developed in the Lot and Tarn-et-Garonne regions. The book Les petites industries d'un département agricole written by André Pueyo (éditions Forestié in Montauban) took up the history of its development in 1946 to revive the post-war departmental economy. Thus farmers and distillers produced the lavender of Quercy until the 1970s. This activity has been gradually reborn since the mid-2000s, thanks to the work of local producers.

Lavender aspic, on the other hand, is harvested in the Mediterranean basin between 0 and 600 m altitude.

The stoechas group's lavender grows all around it, particularly in Andalusia and the southern part of Portugal.

Lavandins are the most cultivated lavenders (historically 800 to 1,000 tons of petrol per year in France) and the most widespread because they are the most resistant. They grow spontaneously in the south of France. However, two varieties of lavandin, abrial and sumian, are in danger of dying out.

Lavender harvesting

Lavender is harvested before the opening of the flower from the end of July to the end of August, for "real" lavender. Apart from aspic, which is wild, the plants are generally cultivated. However, there are some distillations of wild mountain lavender for aromatherapy and the quantities are very limited. Harvesting takes place in summer, as the high temperatures encourage the essence to rise into the cells and secretory glands of the flower. The strands are more fragrant if they are picked just before the flowers open. Afterwards, most of the aroma is lost.

Lavenders of the stoechas group are earlier: they are harvested from March to May in the wild, but they are more rarely exploited. The crops are harvested mechanically, except for the bouquets which are cut manually with a sickle.

Clonal lavender (derived from an individual and multiplied by cutting) ripens at the same time, unlike population lavender (non-clonal) which does not ripen homogeneously, as each plant is a different individual from its neighbour. Cloned lavenders are more susceptible to massive attack by insect pests. With the exception of a few species, including the lavender (or rosemary) beetle, Chrysolina americana, lavender has few predators because of its repellent content.

The essential oil would be of better quality at higher altitudes, but the yield is lower, and altitude increases the ester content.

Production of the essential oil

There are two main processes for the production of lavender essential oil:

Traditional distillation: the harvest must undergo a drying time, before distillation, in order to lose the excess water. A pre-handling of about one or two days is essential for fine lavender, it avoids modifying the quality of the essential oils which are obtained by steam distillation of the flowering buds. A stream of steam is circulated through the cut and well-packed lavender (relatively short distillation time, 30 to 45 minutes).

Distillation in "crushed green": which since 1990 has been developed to improve the productivity of the harvest (of lavandin especially). As soon as it is picked, the plant is chopped up using a forage harvester and placed progressively, without prior drying, in a skip or mobile distillation box which will be directly mounted on a boiler. The fact of distilling ground modifying the quality, this technique is not adapted to obtain an essential oil of lavender to the AOC standards. Generally speaking, the silage qualities will have alcohol contents that increase while those of esters decrease (hydrolysis phenomena), they have a greener smell, not very appreciated by perfumers. Studies are being carried out to improve silage qualities and help producers in this respect.
It should be noted that a new harvesting technique has appeared since 2015. It involves harvesting only the flowers, the stems are crushed and returned to the ground. This harvesting technique can be carried out with a special machine called Espieur, whose principle is to comb the plants. This has the consequence of reducing the volume of transport and the energy used for distillation. The quality of the oil is also modified, with a less herbaceous smell.

Yields of lavender essential oil vary greatly depending on the region, climate, year, age of planting and variety: they are around 15 kilos per hectare, 25 to 50 kilos for clonal lavender, 80 kilos for lavandin in dry mountain areas, almost double that in the plains (up to 180 kilos).

The mass yields of essential oil production (ratio of the mass of essence obtained by the mass of distilled plant) are as follows:

Lavandins have a better yield because their flowers are more developed and produce more essential oil. Their essence, of good olfactory quality (especially that obtained by traditional distillation), is more camphorated than that of lavender.

Uses of lavender

Perfumery

The word lavender is a derivative of the verb laver, perhaps derived from the Italian lavando (to wash), and goes back to the Latin lavandaria: washing clothes, probably the origin of the English lavender (lavender around 1265). This etymology suggests that lavender was used very early on to perfume freshly washed linen. Sachets of dried flowers are traditionally placed in wardrobes to keep moths away and to perfume the wardrobe.

Dried lavender flowers are very resistant and keep their aroma for a long time. Another very old use is to put lavender in the bath water for its perfume and its antiseptic and calming properties.

The essence of lavender contains different components depending on the species (see below). It is traditionally obtained by distillation of the floral buds. In the 19th and early 20th centuries, Provence was dotted with small family distilleries, which gradually all disappeared, victims of slumping sales and the industrialization of production.

It is of course the perfume industry that makes the greatest use of lavender. You can perfume everything with it, from soaps to detergents and toilet paper. In perfumes themselves, lavender is mostly reserved for men, either as a soliflore in eau de toilette or as a heart note in eau de Cologne.

Lavender is also used to perfume the rooms of the house: they are picked and put in sachets that are hung in the rooms.

Medicinal properties

Lavender essence contains different components depending on the species, and is most often found in linalyl acetate and linalol, geraniol, pinene, cineol, coumarin, beta-caryophyllene and ethylamyl ketone, which is responsible for its refreshing scent.

Lavender has antispasmodic, sedative and diuretic properties. Lavender essential oil is recommended [By whom?] for muscle relaxation and to promote concentration [ref. required].

Lavender has long been believed to have healing and antiseptic properties and St. Hildegard recommended it as a healing agent. It was also found to have anti-venom properties and in case of a viper bite, the wound was rubbed with a handful of lavender (this could explain the name lavender aspic). The plant was also widely used, and still is, to fight mites and lice [ref. required].

In phytotherapy, it is recommended to fight anxiety, nervousness and insomnia, as well as to relieve rheumatism and treat respiratory tract infections. It can be taken as an infusion, in powder form (capsules), as an essential oil or alcoholate, for friction.

Lavender essential oil is antiseptic and bactericidal [ref. required]. Applied pure to the skin it would relieve burns and insect bites.applied to the temples it would relieve migraine pain. One [Who?] attributes to the latifolia variety a soothing effect during attacks of atopic dermatitis (eczema).

There is also a lavender hydrosol reputed [By whom?] for its purifying [What?], anti-inflammatory, bactericidal and analgesic [ref. desired] properties.

Culinary use

Lavender flowers can be infused in milk, which is then used to make lavender ice cream or cream.In some regions of the Maghreb (Algeria), Lavandula stoechas is used in some culinary preparations, including couscous.

The sprigs are also used in the valleys (notably the Estéron valley, near Nice), to make a particularly strong liquor in the mouth, which is said to have antiseptic, digestive and calming virtues.

Pests

Rare are the species of insects that attack plants as well protected by their essential oils as lavender; the lavender (or rosemary) chrysomela, Chrysolina americana, is one of them.

Currently (2013), the main enemy of lavender is the stolbur phytoplasma, whose vector is Hyalesthes obsoletus (Cixiidae). The other important pest of lavender is the midge (Resselieliella lavandulae), whose larvae developing under the bark also cause dieback symptoms.

Other pests can cause significant damage (Arima marginata, cuckoo spit, lavender bugs, moths, leafrollers, caterpillars, aphids).