Welcome To Your Online Lavender Shop!

Coming from the west of the Mediterranean basin, lavender was already used by the Romans to preserve linen and perfume baths. In Provence, lavender was used in the Middle Ages for the composition of perfumes and medicines, but it was from the 19th century onwards that its cultivation developed. Currently, lavander is present in many products:

Bestselling Lavender Products

 

DriedDecor.com French Lavender Dried Lavender Buds - 1 Pound - Dry Flowers

  • 1 pound very, very fragmant and quality French Lavender extra blue purple color
  • Excellent for wedding toss- baptism & birth gift
  • Lavender is naturally calming, soothing and relaxing
  • Many uses for sachets, potpourri, pest deterrent, relaxer if placed under your pillow.
  • Made in france
 

Handcraft Lavender Essential Oil - 100% Pure & Natural – Premium Therapeutic Grade with Premium Glass Dropper - Huge 4 fl.oz

  • 100% PURE & NATURAL LAVENDER OIL- Handcraft Blends oils are exactly that!! Many oils being sold online make that claim but are in fact made of natural isolates and mixtures. Each essential oil is tested by an independent lab for its constituents which is why every bottle comes with a Quality Guaranty.
  • PREMIUM THERAPEUTIC GRADE & PREMIUM QUALITY – All Handcraft Blends Essential Oils are tested by an independent lab to test the efficacy of each oil. Each oil is tested for its constituents as well as to have no fillers, additives and to be undiluted.
  • HIGH QUALITY GLASS BOTTLE W/ PREMIUM GLASS DROPPER - Our Lavender Essential Oil comes in an amber glass bottle to keep out UV rays and protect the oil against sunlight. We also provide a Glass Dropper so you can get the exact amount of oil you need without any waste.
  • LAVENDER OIL BLENDS WELL WITH - Bergamot, Cedarwood, Clove, Clary Sage, Geranium, Helichrysum, Lemon, Neroli, Patchouli, Rose, Rosemary, Sandalwood and Vetiver.
  • BOTTLED IN THE USA – Handcraft Blends sources their oils from regions all over the world. Each oil, when brought to the USA goes through vigorous testing to prove its authenticity.
 

June Fox Fragrant Lavender Buds Dried Lavender Sachets Drawers Freshener Home Fragrance, 1/2 Pound & 20 Sachet Bags

  • 100% NATURAL LAVENDER: These are natural lavender that the flower farmers carefully planted, hand-picked, and naturally dried. There are no additives. It has a natural lavender scent and is very pleasant.
  • COMPLETE SET: A pack of lavender granules(1/2 pound), 1 stainless steel spoon, 20 purple empty bags. A large number of lavender buds to meet your various needs. There are plenty of bags for you to make lavender sachets.
  • MULTIPURPOSE: Effective in fresh air of wardrobes, shoe cabinets, and drawers. As a wedding, shop, home gifts. Used to make soap, essential oils, and candles. It has a good moisturizing effect on the skin and calm effect.
  • A METHOD OF RELEASING A STRONGER SCENT: The lavender bud contains a rich floral fragrance, slowly releasing the scent, and lasting aroma. If you prefer a more intense scent, crush the lavender buds and let the scent completely release.
  • MOTHS PREVENTION: Suitable for hanging in wardrobes, driving bugs and moths, and giving your clothes a scent of lavender.
 

Timoo Dried Lavender Bundles 100% Natural Dried Lavender Flowers for Home Decoration, Photo Props, Home Fragrance, 2 Bundles Pack

  • ✿ 100% NATURAL: Pure natural planting of lavender, hand-picked by farmers, naturally dried, retaining the original beauty of the flowers.
  • ✿ ORIGINAL AROMA: No additives, retaining the original floral fragrance of lavender, smells very comfortable, can calm the mood.
  • ✿ LAVENDER VALUE: Sedative and hypnotic effects, balance oil secretion, can shrink the whole body skin, keep your skin fragrant, supply nutrition and relieve stress.
  • ✿ BEAUTIFUL DECOR: Great for home decoration, shop decoration, gift box decoration, as well as photo props. You can also make sachets with these lavender flowers.
  • ✿ 2 BUNDLES PACK: There are 2 bundles, each bundle has 90-100 stems, a total of 180-200 stems, length 14-17 inches.
 

Nature's Way CalmAid, Non-Drowsy, Clinically Studied Lavender Supplement Helps Reduce Tension & Stress, Gluten-Free, 30 Count Softgels

  • Clinically studied lavender helps reduce tension and stress.*
  • Contains Silexan, the orally administered lavender oil used in clinical studies.
  • Once daily softgel is easy to swallow and safe for daily use.
  • Non-drowsy formula.
  • Gluten-free. No salt, yeast-derived ingredients, wheat, corn, dairy, or artificial flavors.
  • During the summer months products may arrive warm but Amazon stores and ships products in accordance with manufacturers' recommendations, when provided.
 
Lavender Essential Oil - 100% Pure Therapeutic Grade Lavender Oil - 10ml
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Lavender Essential Oil - 100% Pure Therapeutic Grade Lavender Oil - 10ml

  • Highest Quality Pure & Natural Lavender Essential Oil - Our Lavender Oil is 100% pure, undiluted, all-natural, and therapeutic grade. Every drop of this Lavender essential oil is steam-extracted right from the source without any additives or harmful chemicals.
  • Gc-ms Tested for Purity & Dilution - Every batch of our lavender essential oil is tested using a a type of testing called "gcms". This ensures the essential oil's authenticity and purity. These test results are publicly available on the manufacturers website.
  • Bottled in a 10ml Glass Bottle with Built-In Eyedropper - All of our essential oils are bottled in an amber glass bottle right here in the USA. It also has a built in Euro style eyedropper for easy pouring and application.
  • Essential Oils are Used for a Variety of Uses & Applications - Simply add a few drops to your essential oil diffuser or humidifier for a wonderful aromatherapy experience. Essential oils are also commonly used to help with anxiety, acne, dry skin, relaxation, and more! Before applying to your skin we highly recommend you dilute it with our Fractionated Coconut Oil, Jojoba Oil, or Sweet Almond Oil
  • Healing Solutions Only Offers the Highest Quality Essential Oils Available - Healing Solutions is an American based company that scours the globe to find the finest, freshest essential oils available. If at any point you're unhappy with one of our products, please contact us and we'd be happy to make things right!
 

Lavender Linen and Room Spray, Made with Pure Lavender Essential Oil, Natural Pillow Spray, Relaxing Home Fragrance, Sleep Spray, and Bathroom Spray

  • Spa Quality Room Spray: Relive stress and calm the mind with our deep sleep pillow spray. This is by far our most popular scent with over 300,000 satisfied sleepers to date! Lavender Scent Profile: Herbal, Fresh, Spicy Camphoreous, Balsamic, Hay
  • All Natural Air Freshener Spray: 100% plant-based lavender oil concentrated room spray that works to neutralizer odors the safe and natural way. No long winded chemicals. Non-aerosol. Cruelty free. Kid safe.
  • Handcrafted Home Fragrance: Handmade air freshener spray straight from the spa capital of the world, Thailand. Our unique blending process ensures complete quality control from start to finish.
  • Lavender Linen Spray Uses: Not just a linen spray for sheets, but also for clothing, fabrics, yoga mats, furniture, toilets, showers, cars, offices, dryers, carpet, mattresses, and even bodies!
  • Quality Guarantee: Drift off to sleep and wake up feeling fresh with this Lavender Pillow Spray. If you don’t find this scent absolutely relaxing, simply write to us and we will rectify your order, no questions asked. We take great pride in providing the natural home fragrances at an affordable price. While our Lavender Spray is the fan favorite, we offer many other essential oil sprays that we're sure your friends and family will love!
 

Taslon Lavender Sachets for Drawers and Closets, Beautiful Color with Fresh and Elegant Lavender Aroma, Dried Lavender Flower Sachets for Bridal Shower Favor or Party,1 Pack

  • HIGHLAND GROW & ULTRA BLUE VIBRANT COLOR Lavender Flower Buds, Aromatic Fragrance of Lavender – lavender flower packets in a durable and easily resealable craft bag. 1 sachet filled with dried lavendar
  • FRESH & ELEGANT AROMATIC LAVENDER AROMA - Hand-filled with naturally dried real lavender flower buds, natural herbal lavender flower sachets with a strong but delightful aromatic fragrance of lavender is so much better than any artificial lavender packet or chemical potpourri, which often times gives a headache. Feel enjoyed and relaxed with our true lavender flower buds.
  • RELEASE & FRESH STRONG LAVENDER SCENT - Unlike artificial/chemical scented lavender packet, the scent of true herbal dried lavender flower buds can get weak (oil evaporated) after a while, but the fragrance of lavender can be easily refreshed when you try to crush the flower buds a little or even grind the flower petals. It would instantly release a fresh and lasting aromatic fragrance of lavender - Highly Recommended Before Use.
  • DRIED LAVENDER FOR SACHETS AND MORE - lavender sachets for drawers and closet, also ideal for suitcase, pillows, gum bags and cars, bridal show favors gift, special occasions such as wedding toss favor, house warming gift, valentine's day, Christmas gift for mom, Mother's day gift. Or simply use the lavender flower buds for craft project, lavender soap, candle, bath salt balls and more.
  • LAVENDER AS GREAT RELAXANT - It has been used for insomnia, anxiety, depression and to lift your mood. Shake the bag or squeeze the sachets a little before use - release the lavender fragrance. Love it or full refund, no regret!
 

Cliganic USDA Organic Lavender Essential Oil - 100% Pure Natural Undiluted, for Aromatherapy Diffuser | Non-GMO Verified

  • USDA Certified Organic Lavender Oil - the strict oversight of USDA ensures the integrity of our Essential Oils. In other words, it is really 100% organic.
  • 100% Pure, Only One Ingredient - Our Premium Essential Oils are 100% Pure & Natural – No Additives, Alcohol-Free, No Added-Fragrance and Not Diluted.
  • Cliganic 100% Satisfaction Guarantee - Risk Free - We put a lot of effort into manufacturing quality products that will meet our customers' expectations. And we stand behind every item that we make, 100%. If you are not satisfied completely with your purchase, we will be happy to replace it or issue you a full refund.
  • Multipurpose Essential Oil – Cliganic essential oils are suitable for aromatherapy diffuser and have many other great uses and benefits.
  • Cruelty Free, Made in USA – Cliganic Organic Essential Oils are made in the USA using the highest standards. They are not tested on animals now with the Cruelty-Free certification.
 

Eat Well Premium Foods- Lavender Flowers 4 oz Reseable Bag,Bulk, Dried Culinary Lavender Buds, Herbal Tea , Relaxing,Sleep Well, Aromatherapy, Crafts Potpourri,Home Fragrance

  • WHAT IS LAVENDER: Nearly forty plants with the mint family are technically classified as lavender, although the most common form is "Lavandula angustifolia" this genus is found especially in the Mediterranean
  • HEALTH BENIFITS OF EDIBLE LAVENDER FLOWERS: Reduces Anxiety & Stress / Treats Sleep Issues / Anti-inflammatory Qualities / Skin Care / Antiseptic Ability / Hair Care / Protects Heart Health
  • TOP USES OF DRIED LAVENDER FLOWERS : Making Lavender Sachet Bags / Sleep Aid / Drawer Freshener / Moth Repellent in Wardrobes / Insect Deterrent ( Moth Repellent ) / Wedding Favour / Decoration / Potpourri Ingredient / In Food ( Culinary Lavender Flower Patals ) / For Cooking
  • Lavender Tea : When you drink lavender tea, it can provide relief from chronic pain, inflamed tissues, arthritis, insomnia, high anxiety, mood swings, gastrointestinal upset, tension, skin irritation, and headaches, just to name a few. Regardless of what ails you, the benefits of lavender tea will likely be able to help
 

Mrs. Meyer's Clean Day Scented Soy Aromatherapy Candle, 35 Hour Burn Time, Made with Soy Wax, Lavender, 4.9 oz

  • Candle made from renewable ingredients like soy wax and vegetable wax
  • Nonmetal, lead-free candle wick burns for 25 hours for a long-lasting Lavender scent
  • Comes in a recyclable glass candle jar - makes for an easy gift
  • Garden-fresh Lavender has an original and clean floral scent
  • Mrs. Meyer's produces cruelty free candles. None of our products are tested on animals.
 

Majestic Pure Lavender Oil, Natural, Therapeutic Grade, Premium Quality Blend of Lavender Essential Oil, 4 fl. Oz

  • Majestic Pure Lavender Oil; blend of two (2) pure lavender oil; Lavandula angustifolia from Bulgaria and Lavandula hybrida from France; steam distilled; Therapeutic grade; Packaged in USA
  • Aroma: Best sampled on a test strip or tissue to allow the aroma to breathe, evolve and open up; top note with a strong aroma, it has a rich floral scent that is somewhat fruitier, mellower and less camphoraceous; Lavender oil is known to be helpful in soothing the mind and body when used in aromatherapy
  • Safety Warning: For external use only. Other than aromatherapy, dilute with a carrier oil. For topical use, rub a very small amount on the inside of your elbow area to test for any allergic reaction before use, discontinue if irritation occurs; Avoid contact with eyes, keep out of the reach of children. If pregnant, consult with your health care provider before use
  • Majestic Pure lavender essential oil offers fresh fragrance that blends well with almost any other essence; the aroma becomes more flowery when it evolves
  • Delivered with a premium quality glass dropper for ease-of-use
 

Integrative Therapeutics - Lavela WS 1265 - Clinically Studied Lavender Oil to Reduce Occasional Anxiety - Non-Habit Forming - 60 Softgels

  • Clinically documented relief of occassional anxiety
  • Convenient, once daily dosing
  • Relaxing without being habit-forming
  • This product contains no sugar, salt, yeast, wheat, gluten, corn, dairy products, artificial flavoring, preservatives
  • During the summer months products may arrive warm but Amazon stores and ships products in accordance with manufacturers' recommendations, when provided.
 

Jergens Lavender Body Butter Body and Hand Lotion, 7 Ounce, Moisturizer for Women, with Essential Oils for Indulgent Moisturization

  • TAKE A BREAK TO NOURISH YOUR SKIN - Jergens Triple Butter Body Moisturizers feature an ultra-hydrating blend of Shea, Cocoa, and Mango butters and soften skin.
  • INDULGE IN ALLURING SCENTS - Jergens Body Butter Moisturizers feature alluring essential oil to offer the perfect indulgence for your body and mind.
  • SOOTHE AND SMOOTH - With our unique blend of Lavender Essential Oil and Body Butters.
  • TRUSTED FOR OVER 100 YEARS - The Jergens brand has been dedicated to high quality, moisturizing products for more than a century.
 

June Fox Dried Lavender Flowers 270-300 Stems 100% Natural Dried Lavender Bunches for Home Decoration, Home Fragrance, Handmade Soap Flower

  • PURE NATURAL: Pure natural lavender, naturally dried, retains the original lavender fragrance, without any chemical treatment, without any additives.
  • LAVENDER VALUE: Sedative and hypnotic effects, balance oil secretion, can shrink the whole body skin, keep your skin fragrant, supply nutrition and relieve stress.
  • WIDE APPLICATION: Great for home decoration, shop decoration, gift box decoration, and making lavender candles, essential oils, soaps, pillows. The bundle has 270-300 stems. Length: 14-17 inches.
  • NOTES: Each flower bud of lavender contains a strong fragrance. If the lavender is not dry enough, the fragrance is difficult to release and can continue to dry naturally.
  • FARM SUPPLY: Pure natural planting of lavender. From planting, cultivating, harvesting and drying, it is done by the hard-working farmers.
 

Natural Dried Lavender Bundles - Freshly Harvested Lavender Bunch Royal Velvet Decorative Flowers Bouquet for Wedding DIY Home Party (Lavender-120g)

  • Package includes has 120 stems dried lavender bundles, Weighs about 4.2 ounces, Measures in between 13" to 15", Elegant Antiqued Newspaper & Ribbon Gift Packaging.
  • Selecting Top quality lavender flowers, adopting exquisite processing technology, to maintain the most primitive look and natural beauty of flowers.
  • Natural lavender, symbol of love, also can help sleep, refresh your mind, fragrance long lasting, floral scent can last longer than 1-2 years, and the smell fades over time,great for aromatherapy.
  • Beautiful and comfortable. Not easily moldy, Perfect for decorating living, dining or study room, also perfect for decorating office, wedding.
  • Notice: The dried flowers will fall off a bit during the delivery that is a normal phenomenon. We will randomly equip lavender with bags, you can put it in your closet or hanging up.
 

Chesapeake Bay Candle Scented Candle, Serenity + Calm (Lavender Thyme), Large

  • Approximate burn time of 70 hours
  • The soft colored frosted jar candles allow the light of the flame to shine through when burning
  • Made from a natural soy wax blend and feature self-trimming wicks
  • Our fragrances that are skillfully enhanced with all natural essential oils
  • Designed and poured in the USA, made with ingredients from around the world
  • 100% recyclable in partnership with TerraCycle
 

Plant Therapy Lavender Essential Oil 100% Pure, Undiluted, Therapeutic Grade 10 mL (1/3 oz)

  • ALL-AROUND FANTASTIC ESSENTIAL OIL: Lavender oil is ultra-versatile and loaded with benefits. That's probably why it's one the most popular and widely used essential oils. Diffuse a few drops at night to create a warm, calm atmosphere that is perfect for sleeping and relaxation.
  • 100% PURE LAVANDULA ANGUSTIFOLIA: Dilute 2-5% of Lavender in a carrier oil of your choice. It can help with skin issues like fine lines, wrinkles, and chapped lips. Create a natural hair tonic using Pure Lavender to stimulate hair growth and battle itchy dandruff.
  • BATCH SPECIFIC GC-MS REPORTS ON EVERY OIL: Every bottle of oil from Plant Therapy goes through multiple rounds of testing including organoleptic testing and multiple rounds of GC-MS testing by several third-party laboratories.
  • HIGH-QUALITY AFFORDABLE ESSENTIAL OILS: At Plant Therapy our goal is to positively impact the lives of as many people as we possibly can, by selling such a high quality product at an affordable price. Be confident knowing you are purchasing quality oils at direct-to-consumer prices.
  • CERTIFIED AROMATHERAPISTS ON STAFF: Our customers are our #1 priority and we’d love for you to join the Plant Therapy Family. Our Certified Aromatherapists are happy to help you with all of your Essential Oil questions. We want you to be confident and satisfied with your purchase. We are currently updating our packaging, so you may receive either of the labels pictured in the images.
 

Air Wick Plug in Scented Oil Refills, Lavender and Chamomile, Eco Friendly, Essential Oils, Air Freshener, 0.67 Fl Oz, Pack of 10

  • FRAGRANCE: A characterful fragrance of aromatic lavender essence rounded off with gentle chamomile and precious woods
  • VALUE: Mega pack provides up to 600 days of continuous and long-lasting fragrance based on low setting
  • ESSENTIAL OILS: Contains natural essential oils for a better fragrance experience
  • PACKAGING has 50% less plastic then our current blister pack and it's easier to open. Box and glass bottles can be recycled. This product is manufactured in a plant that is zero manufacturing waste to landfill
  • CARDBOARD BOX: This product comes in a cardboard box which allows easy storage
 

Starwest Botanicals Organic Dried Lavender Flowers Extra Grade, 1 Pound

  • Latin/Botanical Name: Lavandula angustifolia.Suitable for culinary use, crafts, potpourri, and for therapeutic use such as in body care products like soap, oils, lotions, and shampoos
  • Origin: France
  • Certified Organic by QAI - In accordance with the USDA National Organic Program Guidelines
  • Kosher Certified by Kosher Certification Services
  • cGMP Compliant (current Good Manufacturing Practices)
  • During the summer months products may arrive warm but Amazon stores and ships products in accordance with manufacturers' recommendations, when provided.

 

Lavender (Lavandula) is a genus of plants in the family Lamiaceae.

They are dicotyledonous shrubs, with flowers mostly purple or violet arranged in ears, most of which are very fragrant species, are widely used in all branches of perfumery, especially Lavandin (Lavandula ×intermedia). They grow mainly on dry, sunny limestone soils, with the exception of Lavandula stoechas, which prefers siliceous soils.

All lavenders are melliferous plants, i.e. highly sought-after by bees.

History

This botanical genus was first described in 1753 by the Swedish naturalist Carl von Linné (1707-1778).

The boom in French production of essential oil of fine lavender is linked to the establishment of perfume factories in the Grasse region. The systematic organized cultivation of lavandin in the 1950s then took over.

The cultivation of Quercy lavender also appeared on the last south-western slopes of the Massif Central before 1936 in Roquecor in Tarn-et-Garonne. It reached its peak in the 1950s and 1960s, and only a few growers still perpetuate this tradition.

After several crises which led to a drop in production and a decline in crops, the plantations were relaunched by stabilising the areas to be cultivated and developing means of distillation.

Nowadays, the biggest lavender festival in France has been celebrated for almost 70 years on the occasion of the "Corso de la Lavande" in Digne-les-Bains and ends with a parade of floats decorated with lavender.

The Stolbur phytoplasma destroyed 50% of the French lavender essential oil harvest between 2005 and 2010, reducing it to around 30 tons in 2011. Bulgaria with a production of 45 tons in 2010 and between 55 and 60 tons in 2011 has become the world's leading producer of lavender ahead of France. The two countries supply three quarters of the international production and between 80% and 90% of Bulgarian lavender essential oil is sold in France. In 2017, Bulgaria is still in first position with 187 tons, while France produced 120 tons.

There is a lavender museum in the southern Ardèche, in the village of Saint-Remèze, and another in Coustellet in the Luberon.

Geographical distribution

In the past, lavender used to grow in Provence and in some countries of the Mediterranean basin, then the culture spread to Eastern Europe (Bulgaria, Russia, Ukraine...) and even to Tasmania or Canada where mutated plants can now resist to frost.

True" lavenders grow at an altitude of 500 to 1,700 m. on sunny mountain slopes. The quality of lavender is said to increase with altitude. It is produced in particular in Sault, and is the main agricultural activity in this area of the Vaucluse. It can be found in the Drôme Provençale where it is very well represented and also in the Diois in villages such as Chamaloc (the northernmost lavender production) where the distillery of the 4 valleys is located. Lavender is also produced in the south of the Hautes Alpes department in the Buëch in villages like Faurie which also has a distillery and in other villages like Ribiers and Orpierre. Lavender cultivation practices in the Alpes-de-Haute-Provence were included in the inventory of intangible cultural heritage in France in 2018.

Experiments were also carried out in Quercy in 1936, where the cultivation of lavender was established and developed in the Lot and Tarn-et-Garonne regions. The book Les petites industries d'un département agricole written by André Pueyo (éditions Forestié in Montauban) took up the history of its development in 1946 to revive the post-war departmental economy. Thus farmers and distillers produced the lavender of Quercy until the 1970s. This activity has been gradually reborn since the mid-2000s, thanks to the work of local producers.

Lavender aspic, on the other hand, is harvested in the Mediterranean basin between 0 and 600 m altitude.

The stoechas group's lavender grows all around it, particularly in Andalusia and the southern part of Portugal.

Lavandins are the most cultivated lavenders (historically 800 to 1,000 tons of petrol per year in France) and the most widespread because they are the most resistant. They grow spontaneously in the south of France. However, two varieties of lavandin, abrial and sumian, are in danger of dying out.

Lavender harvesting

Lavender is harvested before the opening of the flower from the end of July to the end of August, for "real" lavender. Apart from aspic, which is wild, the plants are generally cultivated. However, there are some distillations of wild mountain lavender for aromatherapy and the quantities are very limited. Harvesting takes place in summer, as the high temperatures encourage the essence to rise into the cells and secretory glands of the flower. The strands are more fragrant if they are picked just before the flowers open. Afterwards, most of the aroma is lost.

Lavenders of the stoechas group are earlier: they are harvested from March to May in the wild, but they are more rarely exploited. The crops are harvested mechanically, except for the bouquets which are cut manually with a sickle.

Clonal lavender (derived from an individual and multiplied by cutting) ripens at the same time, unlike population lavender (non-clonal) which does not ripen homogeneously, as each plant is a different individual from its neighbour. Cloned lavenders are more susceptible to massive attack by insect pests. With the exception of a few species, including the lavender (or rosemary) beetle, Chrysolina americana, lavender has few predators because of its repellent content.

The essential oil would be of better quality at higher altitudes, but the yield is lower, and altitude increases the ester content.

Production of the essential oil

There are two main processes for the production of lavender essential oil:

Traditional distillation: the harvest must undergo a drying time, before distillation, in order to lose the excess water. A pre-handling of about one or two days is essential for fine lavender, it avoids modifying the quality of the essential oils which are obtained by steam distillation of the flowering buds. A stream of steam is circulated through the cut and well-packed lavender (relatively short distillation time, 30 to 45 minutes).

Distillation in "crushed green": which since 1990 has been developed to improve the productivity of the harvest (of lavandin especially). As soon as it is picked, the plant is chopped up using a forage harvester and placed progressively, without prior drying, in a skip or mobile distillation box which will be directly mounted on a boiler. The fact of distilling ground modifying the quality, this technique is not adapted to obtain an essential oil of lavender to the AOC standards. Generally speaking, the silage qualities will have alcohol contents that increase while those of esters decrease (hydrolysis phenomena), they have a greener smell, not very appreciated by perfumers. Studies are being carried out to improve silage qualities and help producers in this respect.
It should be noted that a new harvesting technique has appeared since 2015. It involves harvesting only the flowers, the stems are crushed and returned to the ground. This harvesting technique can be carried out with a special machine called Espieur, whose principle is to comb the plants. This has the consequence of reducing the volume of transport and the energy used for distillation. The quality of the oil is also modified, with a less herbaceous smell.

Yields of lavender essential oil vary greatly depending on the region, climate, year, age of planting and variety: they are around 15 kilos per hectare, 25 to 50 kilos for clonal lavender, 80 kilos for lavandin in dry mountain areas, almost double that in the plains (up to 180 kilos).

The mass yields of essential oil production (ratio of the mass of essence obtained by the mass of distilled plant) are as follows:

Lavandins have a better yield because their flowers are more developed and produce more essential oil. Their essence, of good olfactory quality (especially that obtained by traditional distillation), is more camphorated than that of lavender.

Uses of lavender

Perfumery

The word lavender is a derivative of the verb laver, perhaps derived from the Italian lavando (to wash), and goes back to the Latin lavandaria: washing clothes, probably the origin of the English lavender (lavender around 1265). This etymology suggests that lavender was used very early on to perfume freshly washed linen. Sachets of dried flowers are traditionally placed in wardrobes to keep moths away and to perfume the wardrobe.

Dried lavender flowers are very resistant and keep their aroma for a long time. Another very old use is to put lavender in the bath water for its perfume and its antiseptic and calming properties.

The essence of lavender contains different components depending on the species (see below). It is traditionally obtained by distillation of the floral buds. In the 19th and early 20th centuries, Provence was dotted with small family distilleries, which gradually all disappeared, victims of slumping sales and the industrialization of production.

It is of course the perfume industry that makes the greatest use of lavender. You can perfume everything with it, from soaps to detergents and toilet paper. In perfumes themselves, lavender is mostly reserved for men, either as a soliflore in eau de toilette or as a heart note in eau de Cologne.

Lavender is also used to perfume the rooms of the house: they are picked and put in sachets that are hung in the rooms.

Medicinal properties

Lavender essence contains different components depending on the species, and is most often found in linalyl acetate and linalol, geraniol, pinene, cineol, coumarin, beta-caryophyllene and ethylamyl ketone, which is responsible for its refreshing scent.

Lavender has antispasmodic, sedative and diuretic properties. Lavender essential oil is recommended [By whom?] for muscle relaxation and to promote concentration [ref. required].

Lavender has long been believed to have healing and antiseptic properties and St. Hildegard recommended it as a healing agent. It was also found to have anti-venom properties and in case of a viper bite, the wound was rubbed with a handful of lavender (this could explain the name lavender aspic). The plant was also widely used, and still is, to fight mites and lice [ref. required].

In phytotherapy, it is recommended to fight anxiety, nervousness and insomnia, as well as to relieve rheumatism and treat respiratory tract infections. It can be taken as an infusion, in powder form (capsules), as an essential oil or alcoholate, for friction.

Lavender essential oil is antiseptic and bactericidal [ref. required]. Applied pure to the skin it would relieve burns and insect bites.applied to the temples it would relieve migraine pain. One [Who?] attributes to the latifolia variety a soothing effect during attacks of atopic dermatitis (eczema).

There is also a lavender hydrosol reputed [By whom?] for its purifying [What?], anti-inflammatory, bactericidal and analgesic [ref. desired] properties.

Culinary use

Lavender flowers can be infused in milk, which is then used to make lavender ice cream or cream.In some regions of the Maghreb (Algeria), Lavandula stoechas is used in some culinary preparations, including couscous.

The sprigs are also used in the valleys (notably the Estéron valley, near Nice), to make a particularly strong liquor in the mouth, which is said to have antiseptic, digestive and calming virtues.

Pests

Rare are the species of insects that attack plants as well protected by their essential oils as lavender; the lavender (or rosemary) chrysomela, Chrysolina americana, is one of them.

Currently (2013), the main enemy of lavender is the stolbur phytoplasma, whose vector is Hyalesthes obsoletus (Cixiidae). The other important pest of lavender is the midge (Resselieliella lavandulae), whose larvae developing under the bark also cause dieback symptoms.

Other pests can cause significant damage (Arima marginata, cuckoo spit, lavender bugs, moths, leafrollers, caterpillars, aphids).